Shoulder joint dislocation is one of most common joint injuries to the body. The shoulder can dislocate in any direction, causing intense pain with accompanying swelling, numbness and weakness in the affected area.
Dislocation occurs when an impact causes excessive rotation in the shoulder, and the head of the upper arm bone (humerus) is forced out of its socket (an injury known as an ‘abduction’). Common activities causing shoulder dislocation include contact and high impact sports, such as football, rugby, skiing and gymnastics. Other common causes include motor vehicle accidents, trips and falls.
Treatment can include one or more of the following:
- Reduction procedure – i.e. replacing the ball of the humerus into the joint
- Immobilisation – sling or shoulder immobiliser
- Pain relief / muscle relaxant medication
- Rehabilitation programme
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