Shin splints are a common leg injury, and fortunately one that is relatively easy to treat. Shin splints result from microscopic fractures of the shin bone itself, resulting in inflammation and swelling. Pain is usually located at the front of the lower leg (anterior shin splints) or on the inside of the lower leg (posterior medial shin splints).
Shin splints are especially common among people who engage in running and jumping sports. Causes include over-exercising, biomechanical problems and unsuitable footwear, as well as changes in activity levels, such as adding distance or running on an uneven surface, etc, or returning to running after a period of inactivity.
Treatment can include one or more of the following:
- Ice therapy
- Specialist footwear and orthotics
- Replace footwear
- Strengthening and stretching exercises
- Tape shins to reduce stress
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