Shin pain is a common problem and can affect most people at some time in their lives – although it is most prevalent among sports people, such as footballers, athletes and dancers.
Common causes of shin pain include shin splints – pain that results from overuse or impact on the foot during sporting or work-related activity; biomechanical problems, such as flat footedness; a stress fracture of the tibia; peripheral neuropathy – dysfunction of the nerves around the brain and spinal cord; and peripheral artery disease (PAD) – a narrowing of the arteries, also known as peripheral vascular disease, or PVD. Other causes of pain include infections, injuries resulting from accidents and, more rarely, tumours.
Treatment can include one or more of the following:
- Ice therapy
- Exercise programmes
- Running programmes
- Specialist footwear and orthotics
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