Lumbago is mild to severe pain or discomfort in the area of the lower back. The pain can be acute (sudden and severe) or chronic if it has lasted more than three months. Lumbago occurs in people of all ages, often as a result of repeated physical effort. Around 70 – 80% of people experience lumbago pain at some point during their lives.
Lumbago can cause mild to severe pain and tingling across the lower part of the back, neck, buttocks, groin and back of the leg. This pain is often aggravated by movement and can result in difficulty bending.
Lumbago can be caused by a number of conditions including slipped disc, scoliosis (curvature of the spine), osteoporosis (brittle bone disease) and, in rare cases, by a tumour or infection in the spinal area. It is usually only possible to establish a cause of lumbago in about one third of cases. Where a cause is not found, the condition can often be due to a muscle sprain. Symptoms include a dull, aching pain and numbness, weakness or tingling in the lower back, buttocks or legs and, on occasions, incontinence.
Treatment can include one or more of the following:
- Exercise programmes
- Manual Techniques
- Postural advice and correction
- Trigger point therapy
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