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knee

Knee Pain

Knee pain is extremely common and there are numerous causes. While most cases of knee pain do not pose a serious health threat, a few should be taken seriously.

Causes

Acute pain in one of the knees is usually the result of overuse or sudden trauma. Common causes of knee pain include a simple strain, when the knee tissues have been stretched but are not permanently damaged; anterior knee pain syndrome – pain felt at the front of the knee, which can be aggravated by sitting for long periods or climbing stairs; damage to the menisci – the rubbery pads of tissue situated between the upper and lower leg bones at the knee joint; osteoarthritis – a condition which causes damage to the protective surface of the knee bone (articular cartilage), resulting in swelling; tendonitis – inflammation of the tendon. Severely damaged knee joints may sometimes be replaced by an artificial joint or prosthesis. Other causes of knee pain include:

  • Trauma  – often resulting from a sports or work-based accident
  • Overuse
  • Ligament injury
  • Arthritis
  • Disease or infection
  • Gout or pseudo gout – a crystalline build-up in the joints
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Baker’s cyst – an abnormal sac that develops behind the knee
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease – usually affects teenage boys
  • Deep venous thrombosis – blood clot in the leg

Recommended treatment

Treatment can include one or more of the following:

  • Ice and heat treatment
  • Stretching exercises
  • Physiotherapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Cortisone injections
  • Surgery – if symptoms persist

How can we help you?

To arrange an appointment or for further information, call 020 8455 7809 or email info@igophysio.co.uk

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