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heel

Heel Pain

Heel pain is one of the most common conditions to affect the foot. It occurs when the bones, muscles or other soft tissues of the heel become inflamed or damaged. Pain is often worse when getting out of bed in the morning or after strenuous activity. In most cases, only one heel is affected. Pain often worsens towards the end of the day.

Causes

Most cases of heel pain are caused by damage and thickening of the plantar fascia, in which the surrounding tissue and heel bone become inflamed, resulting in a painful and debilitating condition known plantar fasciitis. Other factors that can cause heel pain include:

  • Achilles tendinitis – inflammation of the Achilles tendon that runs down the back of the heel
  • Gout – a disease that affects the joints
  • Inflammatory bursitis – caused by the tendon rubbing on the back of a shoe
  • Medial calcaneal neuroma – condition in which the nerve on the inside and bottom of the heel becomes irritated and enlarged
  • Reiter’s syndrome, a type of arthritis that causes pain and inflammation in the joints
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – causing pain, swelling, inflammation and disintegration of the joints
  • Trauma from hitting the heel against a hard object
  • Disfiguration of the heel bone

Recommended treatment

Treatment can include one or more of the following:

  • Protect the affected area from further irritation
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Stretching exercises
  • Electrotherapy
  • Ice therapy
  • Massage
  • Physiotherapy
  • Proper-fitting footwear
  • Acupuncture
  • Cortisone injections
  • Surgery – if symptoms persist

How can we help you?

To arrange an appointment or for further information, call 020 8455 7809 or email info@igophysio.co.uk

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