A low back strain occurs when the muscle fibres are abnormally stretched or torn; a lumbar sprain occurs when the ligaments are torn from their attachments. Differentiating a strain from a sprain can be difficult, as they display similar symptoms. Fortunately, the treatment and prognosis for both conditions are the same. Both injuries belong to a category called ‘musculoligamentous injuries’ of the lumbar spine.
Back strains are usually caused by lifting heavy objects with a bent spine. They might also be caused by extreme motion, such as when dancing or performing certain sports or martial arts.
Treatment can include one or more of the following:
- Exercise Programmes
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