Acute Low Back Pain
Bone strength and muscle elasticity tend to decrease with age, while the spinal discs begin to lose flexibility, affecting their ability to cushion the vertebrae. If the spine becomes overly strained or compressed, a disc may rupture or bulge outward, placing pressure on the nerves rooted to the spinal cord that control body movement. When these nerve roots become compressed or irritated, back pain results.
Common causes of acute lower back pain include heavy lifting or overstretching, causing a sprain, strain, or spasm in one of the muscles or ligaments in the back.
Most low back pain follows injury or trauma to the back, but pain may also be caused by degenerative conditions such as arthritis or disc disease, osteoporosis or other bone diseases, viral infections, irritation to joints and discs, or congenital abnormalities in the spine.
Other contributory factors include obesity, smoking, weight gain during pregnancy, stress, poor physical condition, posture inappropriate for the activity being performed, and poor sleeping position. Additionally, scar tissue created when the injured back heals itself does not have the strength or flexibility of normal tissue.
Treatment can include one or more of the following:
- Exercise Programmes
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